LF:VLOR7X1c Orthopaedics - practice - Course Information
VLOR7X1c Orthopaedics - practiceFaculty of Medicine
- Extent and Intensity
- 0/2/0. 2 credit(s). Type of Completion: z (credit).
Taught in person.
- doc. MUDr. Richard Chaloupka, CSc. (lecturer)
doc. MUDr. Jiří Jochymek, Ph.D. (lecturer)
doc. MUDr. Zbyněk Rozkydal, Ph.D. (lecturer)
MUDr. Agnes Adamová (seminar tutor)
MUDr. Jan Emmer (seminar tutor), prof. MUDr. Martin Repko, Ph.D. (deputy)
MUDr. Jan Kocanda (seminar tutor)
MUDr. Jakub Liskay (seminar tutor)
MUDr. Michal Mahdal (seminar tutor)
MUDr. Lukáš Martinek (seminar tutor)
MUDr. Dušan Matejička (seminar tutor)
MUDr. Šimon Ondruš, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
MUDr. Tomáš Otaševič, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
MUDr. Martin Prýmek, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
MUDr. Jakub Rapi (seminar tutor), doc. MUDr. Pavel Janíček, CSc. (deputy)
prof. MUDr. Martin Repko, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
MUDr. Marek Rouchal (seminar tutor)
MUDr. Luděk Ryba, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
MUDr. Jan Sklenský (seminar tutor)
doc. MUDr. Tomáš Tomáš, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
MUDr. Karel Urbášek, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
MUDr. Tomáš Valoušek, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
MUDr. Robert Vyskočil, Ph.D. (seminar tutor)
Barbora Krausová (assistant), MUDr. Lukáš Pazourek, Ph.D. (deputy)
- Guaranteed by
- prof. MUDr. Martin Repko, Ph.D.
Department of Orthopedic Surgery - Joint workplaces with the University Hospital Brno - workplaces of the Bohunice and Mater. Hospital - Faculty of Medicine
Contact Person: MUDr. Jan Kocanda
Supplier department: First Department of Orthopedic Surgery - Institutions shared with St. Anne's Faculty Hospital - Faculty of Medicine (40,00 %), Department of Orthopedic Surgery - Joint workplaces with the University Hospital Brno - workplaces of the Bohunice and Mater. Hospital - Faculty of Medicine (40,00 %), Department of Pediatric Surgery, Orthopedics and Traumatology - Institutions shared with the Faculty Hospital Brno (paediatric medicine) - Faculty of Medicine (20,00 %)
- VLPF0622p Pathophysiology II - lecture && VLPA0622p Pathology II - lecture && VLLP0633c Clinical Introduction III - practice
Prerequisity of the studying of the subject Orthopaedics is the knowledge of the anatomy , histology and physiology of locomotor apparatus.
- Course Enrolment Limitations
- The course is only offered to the students of the study fields the course is directly associated with.
- fields of study / plans the course is directly associated with
- General Medicine (programme LF, M-VL) (2)
- Course objectives
- At the end of the course students should be able to understand how to examine the orthopaedic patient (history, objective examination of the locomotor apparatus), should be able to apply imaging methods and laboratory tests leading to establishing of the diagnosis, should be able to distinquish among other conditions and to suggest the mangement of the condition. The student would be able to asses the prognosis of the condition.
- Learning outcomes
- At the end of the course students should be able to:
- understand how to examine the orthopaedic patient (history, objective examination of the locomotor apparatus)
- to apply imaging methods and laboratory tests leading to establishing of the diagnosis
- to distinquish among other conditions and to suggest the mangement of the condition
- to asses the prognosis of the condition.
- Programme of the course: Orthopaedics and rehabilitation The fourth school year of the general medicine, VLOR7X1. The course is dividend into a theoretical introduction and to presentation of cases in the ward.
- Clinical methods - history (family, personal) symptoms of the disease, analysis of the pain, mechanism of injury, any treatment of the disease, the efect of drugs. Impairment of the function, deformity, analysis of the gait.
- objective examination: inspection, palpation, percussion, auscultation, range of motion, examination of the spine, of upper and lower extremity. - additional examination methods (X-ray, radiological stress tests, artrography, fistulography, myelography, angiography, CT, MRI, scintigraphy, ultrasonography, densitometry etc). Laboratory methods: aspiration of the joint fluid, blood tests. Electromyography. Topics:
- Degenerative diseases (osteoarthrosis, pathological anatomy, clinical symptoms and findings, radiological examination). Conservative and operative treatment.
- Malalignment of extremities (coxa valga, coxa vara, anteverta, genua vara, valga). Static deformities of foot (flat foot, talipes calcaneus, equinovarus, excavatus). Deformity of upper extremity (cubitus varus, valgus, Madelung deformity, etc).
- Artificial joints. Hip arthroplasty (materials, bone cement, types, procedures, physioterapy after the operation, complications). Knee arthroplasty. Artrhoplasty in other joints.
- Musculoskeletal tumors. Methods of examination, biopsy. Staging and grading. Benign and malignant tumors. Operative treatment, chemotherapy, radiotherapy. Treatment of bone metastase.
- Bone and joint infections. Acute osteomyelitis (symptoms, examination, treatment). Chronic osteomyelitis. Acute arthritis (symptoms, examination, treatment). Chronic arthritis. TB osteomyelitis and arthritis, actinomycosis).
- Deformities of the spine. Scoliosis (types, Cobb measurement, methods of examination), conservative and operative treatment. Kyphosis (types, treatment). Lordosis (types, treatment). Spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis (symptoms, types, management).
- Low back pain (types, sciatica, spinal stenosis, failed back surgery syndrom etc.). Ancylosing spondylitis. Pain in cervical spine.
- Injury of the spine (fractures of thoracolumbar spine, fractures of cervical spine). Conservative and operative management. - Congenital diseases (types, symptoms, management). Developmental dislocation of the hip joint (types, symptoms, management, consequences). Club foot deformity, torticollis muscularis etc..
- Static deformities in the childhood. Epiphyseal disorders. Avascular necrosis (Perthes disease, tibia vara Blount, Kőhler disease etc.). Slipped upper femoral epiphysis.
- Arthroscopy (diagnostic, operative). Arthroscopy of the knee point (meniscal tear, chondral lesions, ligament injury, reconstruction of ligaments tec.) Arthroscopy of the shoulder.(indications, subacromial decompression, managent of shoulder instability, management of rotator cuff lesions). Arthroscopy of other joints.
- Entesopathy (tennis elbow, ulnar epicondylitis, de Quervain disease, trigger fingers, painful shoulder (types, impingement syndrom, frozen shoulder etc.). Overuse syndrom.
- Osteopathies. Osteoporosis, (types, postmenopausal, senile, secondary osteoporosis)., Symptoms, methods of examination, densitometry, management). Osteomalacia (symptoms, , management). Other metabolic bone disease.
- Amputation and disarticulastion. Procedures in lower and upper extremities. Application of the prosthesis (materials, parts of prosthesis, hydraulic joints etc.). Ortheses of the trunc and of the upper and lower extremities.
- Rehabilitation in orthopaedics (physioterapy, ergotherapy, physical therapy, magnetotherapy etc.).
- required literature
- Janíček, P. Ortopedie,. 2. vydání , 2012, ISBN 978-80-210-4429-6
- Trauma and Orthopaedics at a Glance. Henry Wilmott, May 2015, ISBN 978-1-118-80253-3
- Rozkydal, Z., Chaloupka, R.: Vyšetřovací metody v ortopedii, 978-80-210-5902-3, 2012
- recommended literature
- SOLOMON, Louis, David WARWICK and Selvadurai NAYAGAM. Apley's system of orthopaedics and fractures. 9th ed. London: Hodder Arnold, 2010. xvii, 974. ISBN 9780340942086. info
- Teaching methods
- The course is divided into a theoretical introduction with case reports and into presentation of the patients in the wards focused on the use of examination methods, on establishing of the diagnosis and the management of the conditions.
- Assessment methods
- The students are examined from this subject at the rigorous examination from surgery in the sixth school year. The knowledge of recommended literature and power point presentations on IS portal are required.
- Language of instruction
- Further comments (probably available only in Czech)
- Information on completion of the course: Zápočet bude udělen po absolvování blokové stáže a po splnění písemného testu.
The course can also be completed outside the examination period.
The course is taught each semester.
The course is taught: in blocks.
Information on the extent and intensity of the course: 30.